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Friday, December 23, 2011

18

Anxiety disorder


Anxiety, panic, fear is a common psychological symptoms and can be felt by every people. Anxiety reaction is common in adults, but children can also suffer anxiety, such as temporarily abandoned by parents, first day of school or at the time wanted to take an exam. In the case of the elderly, anxiety reactions often occur when they are under pressure (stress) in the presence of difficulties that can be faced or that can not be facing such as work pressure, pressure at school / college, as well as pressure on the issue of romance.
Anxiety reaction that is too excessive and continuous settling in long enough period of time can turn into a disorder, which anxiety disorder. The nature of anxiety disorders can produce physical and psychological response.

Anxiety disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by feelings of great anxiety and excessive, such as feelings of excessive fear, heart pounding harder, wheezing, sweating, breathing short, easy to feel dizzy and feeling uneasy. People who have anxiety disorders often experience these reactions and more severe, cause they can not do their jobs daily. They become very vigilant because it is so afraid of danger, as a result they are difficult to relax and also difficult to feel calm in most situations.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2005) in the United States there are 40 million people experiencing anxiety disorders at age 18 years until at an advanced age. Psychoanalysis experts assume that the cause of neurotic anxiety by including self-perception, in which people assumes that he was in a helpless, unable to overcome the problem, fear of separation, abandonment and as a form of rejection of his loved ones. Perasaam feeling lies in the subconscious mind that is not realized by the people.

Anxiety disorder have some more specific division, including:
1. phobia
2. panic disorder
3. General anxiety disorder
4. Obsessive - compulsive
5. Post-traumatic stress disorder

Categories of anxiety disorders according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) IV:
1. Panic disorder without agoraphobia
2. Panic disorder with agoraphobia
3. Agoraphobia without history of panic disorder
4. specific phobia
5. social phobia
6. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
7. Post-traumatic stress disorder
8. Acute stress disorder
9. Generalized anxiety disorder
10. Anxiety disorder is not defined


Characteristic of patients with anxiety disorders:
*Physical Characteristics:
• Anxiety
• Sweating
• Heart pounding
• There is a sensation of rope, tied tightly to the head
• Trembling
• Frequent urination
*Behavior Characteristics:
• avoidance behavior
• Dependent Behavior
*Cognitive characteristics
• Feeling can not control all
• Feel like escaping from that place
• Feeling want to death

Anxiety disorders prevention occurrences :
1. Good respiration control
2. doing relaxation
3. cognitive intervention
4. approach to religion
5. Family approach.
6. sport

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