Personality disorder is a pattern of behavior with other people in a rigid and hinder them to adjust to the demands from the outside so it is self defeating.
Behavior patterns of personality:
- Hyperbolic dependence
- Fear of intimacy would be superfluous
- Exploitative behavior
- Anger can not be controlled
Based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) personality disorders were divided into 3 major groups:
1. group A
2. group B
3. group C
Group A (Strange, Extrinsic)
Consists of paranoid personality disorder, schizoid, and skizotipal. This interference reveals that extrinsic and bizarre behavior.
Definition of Paranoid
Paranoid is the adjective, for people with paranoia.
Paranoia is defined as a mental illness in which a person believes that others want to harm him. While in Webster, paranoia is defined as a mental disorder characterized by irrational suspicions.
Properties of the paranoid
- Very suspicious in almost all situations and with almost everyone, usually without good reason.
- Do not believe in others
- They are refuse responsibility for their mistake & put the fault on others.
- Do not want criticized
- Isolated and emotional life are not free
- They do not seek help because it felt the nature of the problem.
Theories and Treatment
1. Psychodynamic theory is an ego defense mechanism of projection. the person sees another person who has a negative and destructive motives.
2. Cognitive Behavioral Theory of the patient as a person who is suffering from a false assumption about the world (can not differentiate between others which are harmful.
3. Cognitive behavioral treatment is, Facing the wrong client assumptions, increase feelings of self-ability, raise client awareness about others views & helping clients to develop a more assertive approach to conflict with others.
Differences Paranoid Personality Disorder with Other Disorders
1. Paranoid with Paranoid Schizophrenia: paranoid does not reveal the existence of hallucinations and thought disorder
2. Paranoid with Borderline: paranoid difficult to establish rapport with others
3. Paranoid with antisocial: paranoid does not have a history of antisocial behavior
4. Paranoid with Schizoid: paranoid withdraw and be alone but has no idea or do not have a paranoid suspicion.
5. paranoid with delusional: paranoid does not delusions that persist.